The Bavarian state government is to conduct a study into the role homeopathy could play in the reduction of the use of antibiotics.
The move is in response to the World Health Organisation identifying antibiotic resistance (AMR) as a serious global threat and urging governments to come up with alternative strategies.
Antibiotics is one of a set of drug groups categorised as antimicrobials which also include antivirals and anti-malarials.
In German hospitals alone, around 35,000 people a year are thought to contract infections due to multidrug-resistant bacteria and around 1,500 people die each year.
While acknowledging that antibiotics were indispensable in the treatment of some illnesses such as blood poisoning, it wants to explore whether others could be replaced by homeopathic remedies.